Parent Information

Although every child is an individual, and thus variations are expected, the following developmental norms serve as guidelines for determining the appropriateness of your child’s development. Select the menu tab of interest to read details.

Developmental Norms

Articulation: Ability for your child to produce sounds

articulationAs there is an age range to account for individual variation, the chart below denotes estimates for typical development of speech sound production:

2-3 years 3-4 years 4-5 years 5-6 years 6-7 years
P K S L R
B G CH V TH
M T SH J ZH
N D Z
H NG
W F
Y

Early Cognitive Developmental Milestones

cognitiveDevelopmentCognitive development describes the foundation of intellectual skills that are acquired in the earlier years of development. These developmental milestones include skills in the follow areas:

  • Language (expressive and receptive abilities)
  • Motor coordination (gross motor skills, gross motor skills)
  • Social interaction (peer interactions, group play)
  • Adaptive (feeding, toileting, dressing)
By 1year
  • focuses with eyes on moving objects
  • differentiates between familiar and unfamiliar people
  • copies smiling and other facial expressions
  • completes basic directions
  • mimics clapping and waving
  • moves objects “in” and “out” of containers
Between 1-2 years
  • reproduces adults’ words and actions
  • follows familiar directives
  • carries out commands appropriately
  • matches objects
  • names and points to familiar items during book reading
  • understands the difference between pronouns “you” and “me”
  • explores their environment
Between 2-3 years
  • completes simple directives
  • enjoys shard book readings and names several items in pictures
  • sorts items based on association
  • understands objects functions
  • understands basic size concepts
  • identifies themselves in a mirror
  • begins to ask simple questions, for example “what” and “where”
Between 3-4 years
  • begins to understand color concepts up to six colors
  • continues to develop knowledge of size concepts
  • draws with more recognizable accuracy
  • begins to ask more complex questions, for example “why” and “how”
  • identified their age
  • identified their name
  • <